Save Pulicat to Save Chennai
PULICAT

Bird Watching Spot

Nelapattu

Bird

Sanctuary

Pulicat (பழவேற்காடு) is famous for its wetland which covers an area of 759 sq.km. Located on the north of Chennai city at 55th km. The Lagoon is considered to be the second largest water body in India. the water body is shared by two states, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu. The world famous rocket launching and research organisation ISRO is located in the centre of the lagoon (கடற்கழி). 

 

Two thousand years of maritime history could be traced in the villages of Pulicat Lagoon. Asia's largest European cemeteries are located in Pazhaverakadu, Tamilnadu. More than eighty thousand migratory birds visit this waterbody. The famous palaykat lungi or sarong had its origin from this region due to the finest quality of cotton and weaving. 

 

Pulicat Lagoon has two parts - lake & marshy/dry land. The road connecting Sullurpeta and Sriharikota-island divide the wetland. Popularly known as Pulicat-Lake is in the south of the road. The northern part will be marshy or dry depending upon seasons. The three rivers that bring fresh water during winter monsoon are Arani, Kalagi, and Swarnamukhi. Three sea-water inlets make the water brackish. 

 

Unlike the western ghats, the southeast coast of India depends on wetlands to attract rain clouds. The wetlands play a major role in attracting northeast monsoon during the winter season. However, its gloriest natural and built values are in vanishing. We AARDE working towards the promotion and conservation of this fragile environment. 

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Pulicat Day 

WORLD WETLANDS DAY celebrating since 2011

First Saturday of February is celebrated as the Pulicat Day. Traditional Catamaran கட்டுமரம் race, quiz, drawing & kolam competitions, and folklore events are organised

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Trace Origin of Madras

MADRAS WEEK CELEBRATION, since 2012

Birth anniversary of Madras (Chennai city) is celebrated at Pulicat. Heritage lovers visit to trace the origin of Madras. Pulicat was the first modern administration center of India. 

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Empowering Women

PALM LEAF CRAFT

More than 120 fisher-women are empowered through palm-leaf craft. The traditional craft improve income of the self-help women and protect the environment. 

Bird Sanctuary
Bird Sanctuary

More than 80000 birds visit Pulicat Sanctuary during winter monsoon period.

Pulicat in 1665 CE
Pulicat in 1665 CE

Drawn by Johannes Vingboons

Pulicat in 17th century
Pulicat in 17th century

Detailed map drawn to scale of Pazhaverkadu village

Paleacate in 16th century
Paleacate in 16th century

Anonimo, Portuguese a traveler sketch

Pazhaverkadu in 1650CE
Pazhaverkadu in 1650CE

Painting of Pazhaverkadu village in 1650 CE. A drawing by Dutch traveler.

Dutch cemetery 1657 CE
Dutch cemetery 1657 CE

Asia's largest European cemetery. Located in Pazhaverkadu village, Tiruvallur District, Tamilnadu

Pulicat Museum
Pulicat Museum

A small information center maintained by AARDE Foundation at Pazhaverkadu village

13th century Temple
13th century Temple

Vijayanagara Temple built during 1330s. Was damaged during 2013 due to unprofessional conservation work

Portuguese Church
Portuguese Church

only surviving Church in Kottai-kuppam village. However, India's first Christian church 'Our Lady of Snow' built in 1515 was demolished in 2008

Tamil Mosque
Tamil Mosque

17th century mosque built in Dravidian architecture. This mosque was built sea-route Muslims. Islam came to Tamilnadu [& Pulicat] during 8th century

Dutch Tax Collection Office
Dutch Tax Collection Office

1640s - Oldest Maritime Heritage in Coromandel Coast. Was used as a Governor Office to collect tax from European ships visiting Pulicat.

Portuguese Cemetery
Portuguese Cemetery

1657AD Tombstones with intricate carvings - unimaginable style and detailing.

Fort Geldria
Fort Geldria

India's first European fort was built in Pazhaverkadu [Pulicat] in 1602 by the Dutch. This fort was built on above the Portuguese fort.

Oldest Share Document
Oldest Share Document

In 1602, the Dutch East India Company issued and traded shares to increase its voyages to Asia, particularly to Pulicat. This picture is the oldest share-document in the world. Displayed in Archives in Hroon, The Netherlands.

Palm Leaf craft
Palm Leaf craft

Traditional palmyra tree leaf craft was brought to Pulicat by the Arab trades. More than thousand years old craft is still practices in Pulicat.

Kalamkari
Kalamkari

16th century textile made in Pulicat region is displayed in Brooklyn museum, USA. The Cotton cloths were exported to Middle-east, Japan, S.E.Asia, and Europe for more than milleniums.

Lungi or Sarong
Lungi or Sarong

Palaykat or Pulicat Sarong/Lungi is well known product around the Asian, Japan, Mexico, & Middle East countries. For several centuries, trades from around the globe traded for Pulicat textile in exchange of gold and silver.

Padu System
Padu System

Padu system is a lagoon's resource management system. The practiced is followed by the fishermen for several centuries. This sustainable traditional practice was protecting the wetlands for centuries.

Odavi / Odali
Odavi / Odali

ODAVI Traditional boat making community. Sangam literature says they were the most trained craftsmen in building ships and boats to take goods across the global.

Canal Miles Stone
Canal Miles Stone

Britisher erected miles stones from Basin Bridge (Chennai) to Pulicat. This East Coast Canal mile's stones are unique to India.

Buckingham Canal
Buckingham Canal

802 km long canal from Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh) to Marakanam (Tamilnadu) along the Bay of Bengal sea. This canal along with wetlands of S.E.Coast of India were shock absorber during tsunami and cyclone.

Tribal Fishing method
Tribal Fishing method

Yanadi Tribe - they have a traditional and sustainable fishing practice.

Lighthouses
Lighthouses

It is the only wetlands in India to have two light houses - Located at the ends of the water body. In the picture, you will find the old light house which was demolished in 1985.

Houses - Green Tech
Houses - Green Tech

Mud houses of Pulicat! It is resilient, cost-effective and easy to construct. Such houses could be seen along the northern border of the lagoon.

Turtles of Pulicat
Turtles of Pulicat

Pulicat beach stretching 70 km is famous for turtle breeding during winter monsoon. However, many get killed due to the modern fishing technique and technology.

Pazhaverkadu Village - Tourist Spots
Cultural Landscape of Pulicat
PULICAT DAY Celebrations

Since 2011, World Wetlands Day is organised as the Pulicat-Day. To bring attention to this fragile lagoon, the days celebrated with traditional catamaran race, ecology-quiz, kolam competition, folklore activities, etc.. 

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MADRAS DAY @ Pulicat

Birth anniversary of Madras city is glorified in Pulicat as trip every August month. TRACE ORIGIN OF MADRAS is a full-day tour to check starting point of modern history of India. 

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ISRO

Rocket Launch center

Port

Port

Port

Holistic Strategy Map:
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